Reunited Digital Archive of Ossip Mandelstam
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The State Archive of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi Arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii – GARF)

The State Archive of the Russian Federation (Gosudarstvennyi Arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii –GARF), the leading and the largest archive of Russia, was founded in 1992 by merging the Central State Archive of the October Revolution and the Construction of Socialism (Tsentral’nyi gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Oktyabr’skoi revolutsii i sotsialisticheskogo stroitel’stva) with that of the Central State Archive of the RSFSR (Tsentral’nyi gosudarstvennyi arkhiv RSFSR). Materials relating to O.M. held there are of a purely biographical nature. These materials cover the span from 1910 to 1987. Two sets of the earliest documents are kept in the collection of the Police Department of the Russian Empire (Departament politsii Rossiiskoi imperii) (F.102). The first set of documents is associated with the following circumstances: the passport of O.M., who had returned from abroad, expired; O.M.’s mother, F.O.Verblovskaya, wrote a request to the police on Oct. 14 1910 for permission to enter Russia, and this permission was given on Oct. 15 1910. Another set of documents consists of a type of investigation file from the Office of the Gendarmerie of Finlandia Railways (Zhandarmskoe Upravlenie Finlyandskikh zheleznykh dorog), provoked by the suspicion of the Secret Police (Okhrannoe otdelenie) that O.M. was participating in anti-government agitation and revolutionary activities (the measures taken in response to this continued for six months, starting from June 24 1912). The next two sets are associated with O.M.’s career as a state official: until June 1 1918 he served in the Secretariat of the Central College for the Evacuation of Petrograd (Tsentral’naya Kollegiya po razgruzke i evakuatsii Petrograda) (F.R-3842), and after that in the Department for High-School Reform of the Ministry of Education of the RSFSR (Otdel reformy vysshei shkoly Narkomprosa RSFSR) (F.A-2306). Several documents relate to O.M.’s literary activities, in particular his involvement in the group ‘The Literary Mansion’  (Literaturnyi Osobnyak) (F.À-2306), and his work in the State Publishing House (Gosizdat RSFSR) (F.R-395; see an internal review of an unpublished book of O.M.’s verse Aonidae (Aonidy) dated March 27 1922). The last document in O.M.’s lifetime is the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Postanovlenie SNK SSSR) on the awarding of a personal pension to O.M. from March 23 1932 (F.R-5446). Valuable information on the persecution and rehabilitation of O.M. is in the so-called ‘review proceedings’ (nadzornoe proizvodstvo) started by the Office of the Prosecutor General (General’naya prokuratura) in 1955,  based on a request by N.M. (F.R-8131).

 P.M. Nerler, N.L. Pobol


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